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Everest from Jiri

Trip Route: Ktm-Jiri-Bhandar-Junbesi-Nunthala-Namche Bazaar-Loboche-Lukla-Ktm
Max Altitude: 5,545 meters at Kalapathar
Trip Duration: 26 days
Transportation: Car / Van / Flight
Best Season: Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Oct, Nov
Everest from Jiri

Jiri Everest Base Camp Trek

 

Enjoy the world’s highest peak by following the same footsteps of legendry Edmund Hillary and tensing Norgay Sherpa 

The Jiri Everest Base Camp Trek route is adventures route among others in Everest region. You will follow the same footsteps of legendry sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. The trek fallows green hilly peaks to world highest Mountain along the trek. Tibetan and Buddhist people are the major resident in route.

There are mainly two different routes to get world highest peak base camp, one is from Lukla and another is from Jiri. Before the Lukla airport built people used to take Jiri trail to get the base camp of Mt Everest. It’s a golden chance to explore the Sherpa’s capital, Khumbu ice fall, Namche Bazar along the trek as it is a classic route to Base Camp. The trek is chance of Majestic vistas from Kala patthar (5,545m) and exciting Mount Everest Base Camp together with chance to visit Nepal’s largest monastery in Tenboche.

The Jiri to Everest Base Camp 21 days adventures journey is set for those who are physically fit in heath and adventures and who can walk for up to 8 to 9 hours a day without caring down and up hills. The trek begins with 8 hours bus drive to Jiri and passes beautiful villages of Bhandar, Nunthala, Junbesi and arrives at Namche, likewise it goes up to EBC and back to Lukla to catch flight back to Kathmandu. 

  • Trip Outline
  • Trip Itinerary
  • Useful Info
  • Trip Reviews
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  • Enquiry
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Outline Itinerary

Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu.1,300m.via respective airlines. 

Day 02: A day in Kathmandu. 

Day 03: Drive to Jiri. approx. 1,900m. 6 hrs bus ride trek to Shivalaya 1,770m. 3 hrs. 

Day 04: Trek to Sete. 2,575m. 6-7 hrs. 

Day 05: Trek to Junbesi 2,675m via Lamjura-la.3,530m. 6-7 hrs. 

Day 06: Rest day at Junbesi for local hike or at leisure. 

Day 07: Trek to Nunthala (Manidingma) 2,190m. 6-7 hrs. 

Day 08: Trek to Bupsa Danda approx. 2,250m. 5-6 hrs. 

Day 09: Trek to Surkhe.2,295m 5-6 hrs. 

Day 10: Trek to Phakding.2,650m. 5-6 hrs. 

Day 11: Trek to Namche Bazaar 3,440m. Approx. 5-6 hrs. 

Day 12: Rest Day at Namche Bazaar. 

Day 13: Trek to Thyangboche 3,867m.Approx 5 hours. 

Day 14: Trek to Dingboche 4,358m.Approx. 5-6 hour. 

Day 15: Trek to Loboche 4,928m via Dugla 4,595m. 5 hours. 

Day 16: Trek to Gorakshep 5,180m  continue to Everest Base Camp 5,357m. 8 hrs. 

Day 17: Morning hike to kalapatthar (5545m) and Trek to Pangboche 3,900m. Approx. 7 hrs. 

Day 18: Trek Back to Namche - 6 Hours walk 

Day 19: Trek to Lukla. Approx. 6 hours walk. 

Day 20: Fly back to Kathmandu and rest

Day 21: Depart from Kathmandu or extend your trip 

 

Service includes
  • Free pick up and drop by car/van/ from/to international airport. Hotel in Kathmandu
  • All meals during the trekking (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner & Dessert with tea/coffee).
  • Lodge accommodation during the trekking.
  • ne highly educated, experienced, first aid trained, fluent English speaking, friendly and government authorized trekking
  • guide and required porters (one porter for two clients).
  • Guide/ Porter's food, accommodation, salary, insurance, transportation and equipments.
  • Both way Luxury tourist bus (green line) Kathmandu/Pokhara/kathmandu.
  • Annapurna conservation area project ( ACAP) and Trekking information management system(TIMS) card.
  • Two nights Luxury 3*** hotel in Pokhara.
  • Trekking equipments as sleeping bag, down jacket etc.
  • Farewell dinner in Nepali chulo.
  • First aid medical box.
Service does not include
  • All meals in Kathmandu except farewell dinner and breakfast.
  • Hard and soft table drinks such as coke, fanta, mineral water, beer.
  • Personal Travel insurance.
  • Rescue operation.
  • International airfare and tax (approximately $ 24).
  • Nepal tourist visa fee ( $ 25 for 15 days and $ 40 for 30 days multiple entry visa).
  • Tips for guide and porter.
Detail Itinerary

Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu.1,300m.via respective airlines. 
On arrival at Kathmandu Tribhuvan International Airport you will be received by our staff and will escort you to the Hotel, where our guide will give you a brief orientation of the Hotel, Kathmandu, Trekking, do's and don't and other related information that you might require while in Nepal.

Day 02: A day in Kathmandu.
After your first night in Kathmandu, you will be well informed on arrival about the time for your half day guided sightseeing tour in Kathmandu at places of interest. Sometime, depending upon your flight arrival if it’s late in the night we will do this tour in the afternoon instead of morning to give you a nice rest before you venture out of the Hotel in our interesting tour.

Day 03: Drive to Jiri. approx. 1,900m. 6-7 hrs bus ride. and trek to Shivalaya
Early breakfast, travel by Bus to Jiri on the busy scenic highway. This is an interesting drive through the foothills of the Himalaya. The road has been greatly improved in recent years. Bus ride from Kathmandu heading towards the Bhote Koshi Valley on the main road to Tibet on reaching at Lamosangu situated merely 30 km from the Tibetan border, the only motorable highway that connects to Tibet. From here the route divert towards east all the way to Charikot, then heads downhill to Tama Kosi River with a brief stop here crossing over the river, the drive climbs on the winding road for another three hours all the way to Jiri, just before Jiri the road descends to the town of Jiri, once a popular busy village and its bazaar, since the construction of the airstrip at Lukla and at Salleri in Solu. The crowds are less than it used to be in the early and late 1980's.

Trek to Shivalaya

First day trek leads past the bazaar of Jiri on the easy path for a while then the route ascends to a steep climb for an hour or less on the first ridge overlooking view of the nearby landscapes and Jiri town below, from here the walk is on the gradual path passing thorough many farm villages and terrace farms. After a good walk for about two hours, leaving the farmland behind the trail climbs for another hour to a small short pass of Kharubas at 2,712m where there are a Buddhist prayer flags and a chorten. From here a short descend on the grassy slope brings us to our lunch stop on the meadow, after a break here another two hours of downhill walk leads to Shivalaya,

Day 04: Trek to Sete (Chyangma). 2,575m.  8 hrs. 
After a good breakfast, start walking at the very end of the village towards east, an hour steep climb brings to a small village of Sangbadanda, from here the walk is quite gradual, passing through many small rural village and forest and then coming to a stream before taking a uphill path through the cool shade of the forest of pine, oaks and rhododendron trees after 3-4 hrs of walk from Shivalaya then reaching at Deurali pass of approx 2,715m. After a stop here, the path descends most of the way for nearly two hours to Bhandar. Bhandar or Chyangma has a mixture of Tamangs and Newars, but are predominantly Sherpa people.

Day 05: Trek to Junbesi 2,675m via Lamjura-la.3,530m. 6-7 hrs. 

From here onwards the walking will be much cooler, beginning with a steep climb through the beautiful enchanting woods of rhododendron, oaks and pines and then coming to a small settlement of Ghurasey in the midst of a lovely forest, where there are few houses with teahouses, journey continues up to a place where the ridge is marked by a mani-wall the way forks left to reach the pass. In springtime this place will be in a mass of rhododendron in bloom. After reaching the ridge the walk is on the gentle path till we reach a nice clearing with 2-3 lodges just few minutes before the pass. An inviting break here for a while, after a rest at Lamjura a short walk leads to the Lamjura-la pass the highest altitude gain so far before reaching the high Khumbu area. From the pass, the paths descend through a forest of mixed fir and rhododendron all the way to a Sherpa village at Thaktor where it has a huge, intricately carved, mani rock. After reaching the bottom, the trail ahead contours to the north side of the valley, rounding the ridge Junbesi is visible the path descends all the way to Junbesi, this is a large Sherpa village with chorten, monastery and a school built by Sir Edmund Hillary.

Day 06: Rest day at Junbesi for local hike or at leisure. 
An essential rest day, there are many ways one can enjoy the day in Junbesi a stroll in the village, visit the monastery or just relax. For those with an interest in Tibetan Buddism, there is an attractive alternative hike from Junbesi which leads heads north up the west bank of the Junbesi khola until it is possible in just over one hour to cross the river to the east bank and ascend to the village of Mopung. North - west of this settlement, before Pangkarma, is the Gompa of Thubten -cho-ling, a monastery which was established after the Chinese occupation of Tibet. It now has over 100 monks, who are predominantly Tibetan rather than Sherpa and it can be regarded as the most important monastery in the Solu / Khumbu district. The Gompa is headed by Tul-shis-rimpoche himself, regarded as the spiritual leader of Buddism.

Day 07: Trek to Nunthala (Manidingma) 2,190m. 6-7 hrs. 
Today will be a quite a long days walk to Nunthala, the walking from here is marvelous along the hillside, passing through forests of pine, oak and rhododendron and reaching to a village of Solung danda where you can have the view of Everest in the distance a dark pyramid shaped and other high snow capped mountains of Khumbu, route descends to the valley of Beni khola, which flows from the Dudh kund glacier, beneath the southern flanks of Numbur, Khartang and Karyolung Himal, from this river cross over the bridge then a steep up for half an hour brings to the first house at Ringmo where the road from Salleri lower Solu joins. Walk from here heads up on the gradual path through the village of Rimgmo, leaving Ringmo from the large mani 'prayer' wall, an hour or less steep climb through the pine forest reaches towards Trakshindu pass at 3,070m marked with mani and chorten, a great view of several striking peaks including Kusum Kangguru, Thamersarkhu and Kantega to the north east. On the east side of the pass the path descend all the way to our destination at Nunthala passing through Trakshindu Gompa., which was set up around 1946 by a lama from Thyangboche monastery, this is also a home of the renowned late Babu Chiri Sherpa who climbed Everest 11th times and the fastest man to speed to Everest summit and the only climber who has stayed on top of Everest for more than 21 hours. From Trakshindo walk leads downhill for more than 2 hours through the cool shade of the forest and then coming to Nunthala also known as Manidingma.

Day 08: Trek to Bupsa Danda approx. 2,250m. 5-6 hrs. 
Morning journey begins with a descend after leaving the suburb of the village, following the steep downhill slope through the terraces and forest where you can often see Languar monkeys all the way to the suspension bridge over the Dudh Koshi, after a brief moment here crossing over the raging river, our route leads to a gradual winding uphill climb for an hour or more to the Rai settlement at Jubing at 1,675m, the areas around here are fairly warm. From here the path meanders through stands of bamboo near to the houses, walk continues towards Kharikhola 2,200m, a village of predominately Sherpa and Magar inhabitants. After a break here at Kharikhola heading to the next ridge by crossing the river tributaries of the Kharikhola with a steep climb for an hour or more towards a small settlement of Bupsa, perched on the ridge overlooking superb views of the rolling hills and valleys.

Day 09: Trek to Surkhe.2,295m 5-6 hrs.
From here onwards the air gets much cooler heading nearer to the Khumbu area, walk leads to a climb on the wide meandering path through a mixed forest of oak, rhododendron and the fragment Dhaphne bholua; the Nepalese paper plant, bird life, including pheasant, is abundant along this section of the trail. Our route continues traversing the flank of the Kharte Dande high above the river to a notch in the ridge, the Kharte La 3,880m, walk continues through a small village at Puiyan 2,800m, a nice spot in the middle of the forest. After Puiyan the walk is gentle for couple of hours on the long winding path and rising slowly on the flank of the Sebuk Danda to the Chotok La 2,945m. From this ridge high above towards North West, we can see the Lukla town and its airstrip and the Surkhe village down below, then descending nearly 700 meteres drop to Surkhe, situated just beneath the hills of Lukla, where one can see the airplane flying overhead.

Day 10: Trek to Phakding.2,650m. 5-6 hrs. 
From Surkhe our route diverts westward to join the main trail coming from Lukla, time permitting if some one wish to visit Lukla can do so which will take about two hours of steep uphill climb and can join later at Phakding. Our walk leads to a climb on the winding path, coming to a village at Muse and Ghaikharka after two hours of good walk, from here a gentle climb brings at a place called Choplung where the road from Lukla joins. The walk from here is on the gradual path most of the way, with few ups in between, from Tarhe khola, where you can have a superb view of Kusum-Kangru 6,369m after crossing a short suspension bridge, and a climb brings to the Ghat village, another hour of pleasant walk reaches to Phakding village for the overnight stop.

Day 11: Trek to Namche Bazaar 3,440m. Approx. 5-6 hrs.
From Phakding after crossing the suspension bridge over the Dudh-Kosi the walk is pleasant with few short uphill and downhill and re-crossing the same river again, with magnificent view of Thermasarkhu 6,608m, from the village of Benkar, cross the long suspension bridge over the Bhote-Koshi river, after the bridge on this busy trail of trekkers and Ghopkyo and porters, finally reaching at a small village of Monjo after the last 20minutes climb from the stream. Monjo is situated below the magnificent peak of Thermasharkhu and near the entrance of Sagarmatha National Park.

After few minutes walk from Monjo, comes to the entrance of Sagarmatha National Park. From here a short descend and a gradual walk brings to the suspension bridge over the Bhote-Koshi river, after the bridge Jorsalle village is reached, the last village before Namche Bazaar is reached, from here the walk is along the winding uphill path all the way to Namche Bazaar, with magnificent view of Kwangde peak and it other sister peaks towards east, with Kusum kangru on the back as you climb higher, view of Mt.Everest- Nuptse wall, Lhotse and the closer view of Taweche peak can be seen all the way up to Thop Danda, where there's a resting stone wall for the porters and trekkers few years ago a teahouse existed here, from here another 1-2 hour walk up brings to the famed Namche Bazaar, the colourful houses are situated in an amphitheatre U shaped bowl.

Day 12: Rest Day at Namche Bazaar.
Suggested activities a short walk uphill to the Sagarmatha National Park Headquarter, a magnificent spot perched on top of Namche Bazaar with breathtaking view of the surrounding snow capped giants and the valleys way down, with an interesting museum with all kinds of information regarding the history of the Himalayas, geographic, culture, mountaineering history and existing information on flora and fauna of this region, afternoon at leisure.

Day 13: Trek to Thyangboche 3,867m.Approx 5 hours. 
The walk is fairly easy for the first half, after a 20 minutes climb to the top ridge 
of Namche Bazaar. Once at the top near the park museum the walk follows on the gradual trail with few short up and downs overlooking magnificent view of the great giant snow peaks from Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, Thermasharkhu and Kwangde-ri peak after a pleasant walk of two hours coming to a small place at Shanasa, on this area there is more chances of seeing the beautiful colourful Danphe pheasant (Impeyan Pheasant) national bird of Nepal and the elusive musk deer, and sometime even herd of Himalayan Thar (mountain goat like large antelope) from Shanasa with short up and downhill, the trial descend to Imjatse river at Phungitenga 3,250m, a small settlement with couple of teahouses in the midst of the alpine woods of mostly silver fir blue pines, rhododendron and some few magnolia and birch trees. The walk from here is strenuous for nearly two hours on the winding trail through the shade of woods with great view of Thermasarkhu and Kantenga, Kantenga. The finally reaching at Thyangboche one of the most beautiful place in the Himalaya beneath the majestic peak Ama Dablam with Everest looming above the Nuptse wall in the north with Mt. Lhotse and Lhotse Shar towards north east and more peaks all around you.

Day 14: Trek to Dingboche 4,358m.Approx. 5-6 hour.
After a wonderful time at Thyangboche, the trail descend through a forest of birch, fir, juniper and rhododendron and coming to lovely spot at Deboche 3,650 m with magnificent view of Mt.Ama Dablam, Mt.Everest, Nuptse and Lhotse, from Deboche walking past the long prayer mani wall, the path is gradual till you reach a small bridge over the narrow gorge of Imja-Tse river. From here the walk is gradual uphill most of the way, as you come to a large mani wall gate, a little further from here the route diverts into two ways, the upper one going to the upper Pangboche village, where the old Monastery is located, the gradual low route is the straight forward main trail to Dingboche Pheriche and beyond taking the lower path with a short climb to Shomare for lunch a small settlement with fantastic close-up view of Ama-Dablam. Journey continues gradually towards east, after an hour walk, before a small wooden bridge the road beneath towering north face of Ama Dablam, from here onwards Ama Dablam looks completely different, from the bridge the trails climbs slowly winding above the Imjatse river, till a big mani Stupa is reached, the walk is fairly moderate as you enter the Imjatse Valley beneath the mighty peaks of AmaDablam, Nuptse and Lhotse with view of the eastern snow capped mountains including the Island peak or Imjatse 6,189m, which is a popular peak amongst all the trekking peaks in Nepal. Dingboche is a beautiful patchwork of field enclosed by stone walls, protecting the crops of barley, buckwheat and potatoes from the cold winds and grazing animals. Dingboche has about more than ten teahouses.

Day 15: Trek to Loboche 4,928m via Dugla 4,595m. Approx. 5 hours.
From Dingboche the trail diverts towards north, the path is gradual up for about 40 -50 minutes as you come to a mani-prayer Stupa, from here the trail is gentle on the hard meadow looking down below Pheriche village, today's walk offers beautiful view of the Mt.Tawache, Ama Dablam and to the north Pokalde 5,741m, Kongma-tse 5,820m and the great wall of Nuptse. After a pleasant walk of 1 1/2 to 2 hours the trail from Pheriche joins near Thugla, before a small wooden bridge over the torrent river of Khumbu glacier. Thugla, From Thugla, an hour steep up brings you to the top, where you can view Mt.Pumori and other peaks west of Everest, the spot here is good place for a few minutes break after the strenuous climb, close to this spot you can also see a number of memorial of the unfortunate climbers, who died in expeditions around the mountain of this region, From here another 1 1/2 to 2 hours of gradual ascend brings you to Loboche, Loboche comes as a surprise, as its situated in the corner well hidden and sheltered from the wind. Loboche has about 5-6 Teahouses.

Day 16: Trek to Gorakshep 5,160m & Everest Base Camp (5364m) - 8 hours 
Today is the day for your final destination of this adventurous journey at the foot of number one, the first hour walk is gradual up the valley at the end of the grassy field, a short 20 minutes climb, the walk from here follows the rocky moraine path, as you walk you can see the icy-glacial pond and icebergs down below of Khumbu glacier. After the last rocky moraine dunes a short downhill walk bring you to Gorakshep on the flat field below Kalapathar 5,545m and Mt.Pumori 7,145m. Gorakshep has two teahouses, and it used to be a base camp in the early 50's expedition to Mt.Everest. After a break here at Gorakshep continue towards Kalapatthar, a few minutes of easy walk on the sandy field, then a steep climb for 45 minutes brings you to the near level field, the walk from here is gradual till you reach the rocky spot after an hour, from here another steep climb to the top for another 1/2 hour. Top of Kalapatthar a small rocky peak on the southwest ridge of Mt.Pumori, the view from here is beyond imagination as the Everest looks within a stone throw distance, between the summit of Nuptse and Lho-la and Lhotse on the back, with all the higher snow capped giants that surrounds, it is truly a magnificent spot to be here on a clear sunny day to view an array of mountains up to the far horizon, to the south Khumbu glacier sweeps below you, and you can also see the Everest Base camp down below on the moraine of Khumbu glacier, after a great moment with the panoramic view descend for the overnight at Gorakshep.

Day 17: Hike to kalapatthar and Trek to Pangboche 3,900m. Approx. 7 hrs.

early morning hike up to Kalapatthar to see beautiful view and The walk today will be easy heading downhill to a lower elevation; from Loboche the walk is same all the way to Thugla. After the bridge our route descends following the stream towards Pheriche valley, after 40 minutes of downhill the walk gets better as reach the valley floor, an hour of easy good walk brings you at Pheriche 4,243m. After a break here, a short walk brings you to the bridge from the bridge it is nearly downhill all the way with few ups in between to Pangboche.

Day 18: Trek to Namche 3,800m. Approx. 6 hrs.

After passing the tengboche the down hill leads to Fungi thenga and arrives up to sansa and flat trail continues to namche

Day 19: Trek to Lukla 2,835m. Approx. 5 to 6 hours walk.

An easy day downhill walk today, from Khumjung half an hour walk brings you to its sister village at Khunde, where you can visit the only hospital in the whole of Khumbu area, built by Sir Edmund Hillary Foundation. After a visit at the Khunde hospital the trail leads south passing thorough the Sherpa's house and farm fields and coming to the long mani prayer wall. A short uphill climb from here brings to the top ridge of Syangboche air strip. From this spot it’s a big descend to the Dudh Koshi river bed. As the walk progress on this steep downhill bit from Syangboche onwards, an aerial view of Namche Bazaar is seen from this downhill slope walk, on reaching Namche Bazaar retrace the journey all the way to Monjo for the overnight camp Monjo located, just near after the Sagarmatha National Park entrance and exit.

Last day of this great trek will be one of the good walk to Lukla, you can walk at your own best pace, leisurely and enjoying the lush green scenery around. Apart from few short uphill the only long climb will be just before Lukla which will take approximately 45 minutes from a place called Choplung or from the old big oak tree. On reaching Lukla, prepare for the last day great dinner and a party with the fellow Sherpa crew, porters and trekking members.

Day 20: Fly Lukla-Kathmandu.
The flight time to Kathmandu, are schedule for morning normally, sometime the flight time can be delayed due to bad weather and other reason, depending upon the flight time make way to the terminal for security check, this scenic flight from Lukla takes about 30 minutes to Kathmandu, a panoramic view of the snow capped peaks can be seen from window of the plane. Arriving at Kathmandu domestic terminal, our staff will receive and escort you back to the Hotel.

Day 21: Transfer to Airport for the International departure.

Today as per your international flight time, keep your confirmed air ticket, and your passport handy. Our Office staff will take you to the airport for your final departure from this amazing country, Nepal.

Useful Information

Permits and Fees

To trek in Everest Region no any special trek permits are required it the trekker's do not climb any of the peaks. An entry fee is charged for access to Everest National Park . This is payable at the national park desk in Bhrikuti Mandap. For treks to the east of main Everest trail an addition permit is required to enter Makalu-Barun National Park obtainable from the same location.

Getting There ...

Access to the Everest region can only be made by air or on foot. By road, the only practical road ahead at this time is Jiri, a seven to ten hour bus ride from Kathmandu. A new road is under construction to Salleri, the district headquarters. It is also possible to trek to the Everest region via the Arun valley where roads head is at Hille, a twenty ride from the capital. These times are all by local bus as there is no tourist bus service available at this time. Private cars and taxis could be used and would reduce the traveling time considerably but obviously at extra cost. Buses to Jiri currently leave from the old bus park in central Kathmandu.

By air there are three options. The most convenient for Everest treks is Lukla, which is serviced by many daily flights from Kathmandu. Three days walk to south, near the district headquarters, is Phaplu air strip, which is service by daily flights. This is useful for treks in southern parts of the region or for Everest trekkers who want to gain extra acclimatization and see some of less developed part of the district.

The last choice is the small air strip at Syangboche, which is located above Namche Bazar. While this is an option, its altitude (3760 meters) makes it an impractical and unwise choice as an arrival destination for acclimatization reasons.

People and Culture

The main ethnic group that visitors will encounter in the Everest region is the Sherpas . This is their heartland and their influence is to be seen everywhere from their traditional dress to their distinctive houses and village monasteries. There are also minorities of various other groups, notably Rai/Limbu and Tamang in the lower hills and the ubiquitous Bhramin and Chhetri farmers of the valleys.

Flora and Fauna

The flora and fauna to be seen are quiet diverse since the region ranges in altitude from less than 2000 meters above sea level at Jiri to the high peaks of the Himalaya at over 8000 meters. Up to 4000 meters you will find dense stands of forest including pine, oak and the spectacular flowering rhododendrons . The latter are one reason to make a trip in Nepal in the spring when the hills between 2000 and 3500 meters are a riot of colors.

The crop under cultivation will depend on the season that you visit but expect to see wheat, barley, corn and potatoes at some stage. Domesticated animals will range from cattle, buffalo, goats and pigs to the all-purpose beast of mountains-the yak

There is a good chance of seeing wildlife, mostly birds including the national bird of Nepal-the Impeyan Pheasant, or danfe, which is quite common around Namche Bazar. Other notable birds will include the ravens and crows of the middle hills and the coughs which soar to seemingly impossible heights in the mountains. Also in the mountain look for flocks of snow pigeons wheeling around the hillsides.

Land animals can be most elusive but look out mountain goats (most commonly the Himalayan tahr) and, if you are lucky, musk deer or barking deer in the forest.

How and When ?

How to trek in Everest region depend entirely on the route that you choose. On the main trail to Everest base camp or the route to Gokyo valley then teahouse trekking is perfectly possible. The trail in from Jiri is also endowed with many continently located teahouses although generally not of such a high standard as those to the north. Other trekking routes will almost certainly require the use of camping and organization of trekking staff and equipment.

When to Visit ?

The peak season of October/November and March/May are obviously the most popular. At these times the weather is mild and generally dry, making the walking conditions good. The spring season is good for wild flowers, particularly the rhododendrons, while the autumn season generally gives the best mountain views, as the air at this time is crystal clear.

Winter is possible but the chances of snow are higher and passes may be closed, particularly during late winter. Also during this time many of the teahouses will close. The summer/monsoon period is generally unsuitable for trekking period, as the trails are slippery, leeches abundant and the mountain views are unpredictable. It can be rewarding time, however, if you are prepared to tolerate these drawbacks, as the wild flowers are at their best at this time and there are fewer tourists on the trails making interaction with the locals easier.

SAGARMATHA NATIONAL PARK
AREA (1,148 SQ. KMS.)

Location

Sagarmatha National Park is located to the Northeast of Kathmandu in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park includes the highest peak in the world, Mt.Sagarmatha (Everest), and several other well-known peaks such as Lhotse, Nuptse, Cho Oyo, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kwangde, Kangtaiga and Gyachung Kang. The park was added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1979.

Features

The mountains of Sagarmatha National Park are geologically young and broken up by deep gorges and glacial valleys. Vegetation includes pine and hemlock forests at lower altitudes, fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron woods, scrub and alpine plant communities, and bare rock and snow. The famed bloom of rhododendrons occurs during spring (April and May) although other flora is mostly colourful during the monsoon season (June to August)

Wild animals most likely to be seen in the park are the Himalayan Thar, goral, serow and musk deer. The snow leopard and Himalayan black bear are present but rarely sighted, other mammals rarely seen are the weasel, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika), and jackal and languor monkey.

The park is populated by approximately 3,000 of the famed Sherpa people whose lives are interwoven with the teaching of Buddhism. The main settlements are Namche Bazaar, Khumjung, Khunde, Thame, Thyangboche, Pangboche and Phortse. The economy of the Khumbu Sherpa community has traditionally been heavily based on trade and livestock herding.

But with the coming of international mountaineering expeditions since 1950 and the influx of foreign trekkers, the Sherpa economy today is becoming increasingly dependent on tourism.

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