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Makalu Base Camp

Max Altitude: 5, BC
Trip Duration: 22 days
Transportation: Car/Bus/Flight
Best Season: Spring & Autumn
Makalu Base Camp

friendly locals, traditional villages with superb views of the worlds highest snow capped mountain range, panoramic flight and walking in the midst of the rhododendron, alpine forest, on the least accessible isolated route, high passes and in the virgin Barun Valley enrich in flora & fauna

Enter the lowest valley in the world to begin your journey to the base of Mt.Makalu, the fifth highest mountain in the world (8,481m). But first you will have the opportunity to visit cloud-forest jungle, high alpine terrain, orchids, and rural farm and market villages. From there, you will follow the ridge above the Arun River, proposed site for the largest hydroelectric plant in Nepal. Pass through yak pastures towards the endless ice-fields of Mt. Makalu. View the Kanchenjunga massif, Everest, Lhotse, Baruntse and Chamlang as well as the rarely seen Kangshung face of Everest. Return through isolated Sherpa villages back to Tumlingtar for your picturesque return flight below the Nepalese Himalaya.

This trek offers one of the most spectacular, outstanding scenery from lush tropical green of Arun Valley up to the high remorseless ice fields of Mt. Makalu, the fifth highest mountain in the world, situated in the north east of Nepal.

The trek starts from Arun Valley following the rural areas, through fascinating medieval traditional markets and farm villages, this walk-in follows picturesque and rarely trekked route, offering views of Mt. Makalu and Kanchenjunga all the way, more stunning views of the Mt. Khumbakarna Range as you enter the Barun valley of Makalu basin. From here, the trek passes over the yak pastures beneath the Makalu's towering south face along with the great view of one of the rare east (Kanshung) face of Mt. Everest.

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Outline Itinerary

Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu.1,300m. via respective airlines.
Day 02: A day in Kathmandu.
Day 03: Fly to Tumlingtar 450m 50 minutes flight and drive to Mani- Bhanjyang (1,200m) Approx: 2-3 hrs. 
Day 04: Trek to Chinchilla (1,800m)Approx 5-6 hours.
Day 05: Trek to Num (1,500m)Approx 5-6 hours. 
Day 06: Trek to Sedua (1,493m.) Approx: 5 hours.
Day 07: Trek to Tashi Gaon(2,200m)Approx 3-4 hours. 
Day 08: Trek to Kohma Danda. Approx 3,500m. 5-6 hours walk
Day 09: Trek to Mumbuk (3,400m) 6 hours walk
Day 10: Trek to Nehe Kharka(3,750m) 6 hours.
Day 11: Trek to Sherson (4,600m) 6 hours walk.
Day 12: Free day for a day hike.
Day 13: Trek to Yangre Kharka(3,645m)6 hours. O/N Camp.
Day 14: Trek to Mumbuk, 5 hours.
Day 15: Trek to Kohma Ridge, 5 hours.
Day 16: Trek to Seduwa via Tashi Gaon, 6-7 hours.
Day 17: Trek to Chhoyang 820m. 6-7 hours.
Day 18: Trek to Bumling, 350m. 6-7 hours. 
Day 19: Trek to Tumlingtar for lunch and camp, 5-6 hours
Day 20: Fly back to Kathmandu. Meet & transfer to hotel.
Day 21: Free day at leisure.
Day 22: Transfer to Airport for the International departure.

Service includes
  • Trekking Area permits and fees,
  • Trekking Map
  • Camping Equipments,
  • Full Board Plan (breakfast, lunch, dinner, accommodation, tea or coffee) during trek,
  • Join Nepali Cultural Program with dinner,
  • Hotel in Kathmandu as your requirements,.
  • An experienced licensed holder Guide and required porters
  • Food, drinks, salary, insurance, equipment, transportation, accommodation, and local tax for guide and porters,
  • Transportation by bus, car or by flight,
  • Medical kit box
  • TIMS (Trekkers' Information Management Systems)
  • Trekking Equipments
  • All government tax
  • All guided sightseeing tour in Kathmandu and entry fees
  • All necessary transportation while sightseeing
  • Airport pick up and drop with an escort
Service does not include
  • All meals in Kathmandu except farewell dinner and breakfast.
  • Hard and soft table drinks such as coke, fanta, mineral water, beer.
  • Personal Travel insurance.
  • Rescue operation.
  • International airfare and tax.
  • Nepal tourist visa fee
  • Tips for guide and porter.( They highly expect but not compulsory).
Detail Itinerary

Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu.1,300m. via respective airlines.
On arrival at Kathmandu Tribhuvan International Airport you will be received by our staff and will escort you to the Hotel, where one of our leader or a Sherpa guide will give you a brief orientation of the Hotel, Kathmandu, Trek/Camping, do's and don't and other related information that you might require while in Nepal.

Day 02: A day in Kathmandu.
After your first night in Kathmandu, you will be well informed on arrival about the time for your half day guided sightseeing tour in Kathmandu at places of interest. Sometime, depending upon your flight arrival if it's late in the night we will do this tour in the afternoon instead of morning to give you a nice rest before you venture out of the Hotel for our interesting tour.

Day 03: Fly to Tumlingtar (950m) 50 minutesflight and drive to Mani-Bhanjyang (1,200m) Approx: 2-3 hrs.
After breakfast, take a bus to the domestic terminal of Kathmandu Airport for the 50 minute sweeping scenic flight to Tumlingtar overlooking range of snow capped peaks from Langtang all the way to Mt.Everest, Makalu & Mt. Kanchenjunga, Tumlingtar airport and its village town located on a shelf above the Arun River,walk across to meet our trek crew beside the airstrip, can clearly see far off to the north, the white peak of Makalu. First day of this trip starts from Tumlingtar the drive is pleasant for an hour through the farm fields and villages. After leaving the suburb of Tumlingtar, the trail climbs up gradually towards Khadbari in the midst of the sub-tropical forest of Sal (Sorea-Robusta)and more farm fields along the way, coming to a town of Khadbari a major village and a headquarter of the Makalu region. A busy bazaar, especially on Saturday market day, from Khadbari the trail is gradual with few ups and down till it reaches the overnight camp a little farther from the village of Manibhanjang.

Day 04: Trek to Chinchilla (1,800m) Approx 5-6 hours.
From Manibhanjang, the path climbs to the ridge on a wide and well-used trail, reaching our lunch stop at Bhotebas after three and a half hours of steady ascent. After lunch walk for only another couple of hours to the small ridge-top village of Chinchilla, on route, passing through fertile farmed land, and verdant rain forest, with thick undergrowth and many types of ferns. Chinchilla a small farm village with 6-8 houses with a superb view of Mt.Makalu 8,463m and the Khumbukarna mountain range.

Day 05: Trek to Num (1,500m) Approx 5-6 hours.
In the clear dawn can have good views of Makalu and its satellite peaks, from this magical spot of Chinchilla, perched high above the surrounding countryside?

The walk to Num leads through the cool and serene forest of rhododendron, oaks and hemlocks as the trail climb to the ridge top, from the top it is almost downhill for two hours to the overnight camp at Num. Num a small village with about fifteen houses and a primary school on the large flat ground, from where one can have good views of the next days route. Opposite, across the Arun River, is the village of Seduwa.

Day 06: Trek to Seduwa (1,500m.) Approx: 5 hours.
From Num, walk leads down the incredibly steep and terraced slopes towards the Arun River, nearly a 800 meters below. The lower slopes of this narrow valley are densely forested and the paths are quite slippery, after reaching the bottom, cross the suspension bridge across the torrential Arun River, at the height of 670 meters, then start the climb back out of the rain forest, reaching at lunch place in Runruma. After lunch, a steep climb takes up to Seduwa, a village with a small health post and a primary school, overnight camp by the schoolyard.

Day 07: Trek to Tashi Gaon( 2,200m)Approx 3-4 hours. 
The trek to Tashi-Gaon is a short walk of three to four hours probably with lunch and camp on the same spot. The walk takes you to more rural farm villages, on the gradual trail through the farm fields and terraces, as we come near to Tashi Gaon, its an uphill climb for an hour through the millet and rice fields. Tashi Gaon is a Sherpa village, unlike the Sherpa of Everest, they are bit different in the way they live in, the dress and the house they live in, being settled in the low warm areas they are engaged more in agriculture and cattle raising. In the afternoon, you'll have time to wander around.

Day 08: Trek to Kohma Danda. Approx 3,500m. 5-6 hours walk
Tashi Gaon is the last village en-route to Makalu basin, after this village the walk is refreshing for an hour and a half in the beautiful shade of the rhododendron and oaks forest, after leaving the dense forest coming to a summer pastures with traces of temporary made shepherd huts. From here onwards to Kohama ridge is a strenuous uphill climb, as the tree lines declines for the bushes of rhododendron and juniper, then coming to an open area at Kohama danda for the overnight camp? From this spot a grand view of the far landscapes with the third highest mountain Kanchenjunga in view towards the north east and Mt. Makalu towards North West.

Day 09: Trek to Mumbuk (3,400m) 6 hours walk
With the wonderful morning and the superb views of the surrounding landscapes and the snow capped peaks, trek follows a gradual trail with few ups and down as the walk progress passing by the Thulo Pokhari (big pond) and Sano Pokhari(small pond). In heavy snow, the path from here can be quite misleading and it will be arduous to find the trail sometime, after the last pond cross the pass of Tutu-la at 4,075m. From here onwards it is all downhill back to vegetation, reaching to the camp at Mumbuk, a small clearing place for camping in the middle of the woods of pines, hemlock, birch and rhododendrons.

Day 10: Trek to Nehe Kharka (3,750m) 6 hours.
The camp being in the shade of the tree, the view of the Khumbakarna can be seen through the vegetation of the tree lines, the walk from here is downhill to the enclosed and concealed Barun Valley, one of the least explored area in the eastern Himalayan region of Nepal. This unique landscapes within the Makalu-Barun National Park are some 3,000 species of flowering plants, 440 bird species and 75 species of mammals, including the endangers clouded leopard, red panda and musk deer. The remarkable bio-diversity is considered to be a global significance and provides a living laboratory for international scientific research. As we reach the lush alpine area of Barun Valley the walk is very pleasant with gradual uphill slopes, following the Barun River upstream on the valley gorge towards our camp at Nehe-Kharka one of the summer pastures for the local folks of Tashi and Navagoan, Overnight camp on the meadow.

Day 11: Trek to Shearson (4,600m) 6 hours walk.
A little beyond the camp crossing the Barun river by way of couple of wooden bridges, which make use of conveniently situated boulders.

There is a large prayer wall at Ramara, after 2-3 hours walk, from here the vegetation gets sparse, although the rhododendron, barberries, cotoneaster and juniper bushes persist for some time, a lovely day's walk through the high alpine coming nearer to Shearson in sight of the lower Barun glacier and the towering majestic Mt.Makalu. Sharon is also the lower base camp of Mt.Makalu. There are number of stone enclosures at this high grazing ground with outstanding view of host of peaks, including the upper part of Makalu south face, and Mt.Baruntse 7,220m peeking above peak 4.

Day 12: Free day for a day hike.
A leisure day for a day hike, around Shearson there are many interesting walks and view points to explore, the most scenic walk would be taking a hike on the right side of the camp above for the closer view of Mt. Makalu, Barun Pokhari and the view of the rare face of Everest the Khanshung face with Lhotse nearby. A one hour steep up brings you to the large meadow you can walk farther up to have a greater view of the mentioned peaks and more other peaks of this area and beyond.

Day 13: Trek to Yangre Kharka(3,645m)6 hours. 
Trek back towards the end of the Barun valley at Yak Kharka for the overnight.

Day 14: Trek to Mumbuk, 5 hours.
Trek back to Mumbuk, after leaving the Barun Valley it is all uphill to the overnight camp in the midst of the alpine forest at Mumbuk.

Day 15: Trek to Kohma Ridge, 5 hours.
Retrace the journey back to Kohma danda (ridge) via Shipton-la and Thulo Pokhari for the overnight camp.

Day 16: Trek to Seduwa 1,500 m via Tashi Gaon, 6-7 hours.
Trek back to Tashi Gaon and continue walk towards Nawa-Gaon on the upper trail for another 2-3 hours through the cool shade of the forest after leaving the forest area, coming towards the farm terraces and eventually to the village of Nawa-Gaon, another Sherpa village which is much larger than Tashigaon, situated right above the Seduwa village from here an hour or less hike leads to the overnight stop at Seduwa.

Day 17: Trek to Chhoyang 820m 6-7 hours.
The walk today, after leaving Seduwa is on the downhill track through the farm fields for an hour or more reaching towards the Arun River, the walk passes through Mulgaon and Walung village and number of rural smaller farm houses walking on the less trekked region on the Arun River gorge valley. The walk is more or less on the gradual path through farm terraces and fields, this area can be very hot as the altitude decreases. After a good walk of more than six hours reaching at the Chhoyang for the overnight camp near the Arun River. Arun

Day 18: Trek to Bumling 350m. 6-7 hours. 
Today's walk leads towards a village of Bumling the path leads by the Arun River most of the way passing through the villages of Parangbu, Mangtewa phedi and several other smaller settlements, the villagers here will be delighted to see westerners as few trekkers passes through this route. The walk is more or less on the gradual downhill and winding path through farm fields and terraces.

Day 19: Trek to Tumlingtar for lunch and camp, 5-6 hours
A good walk of 5-6 hours brings you back to Tumlingtar the path follows Arun River and farm villages coming through the villages of Kulung and Kartikeghat. At Kartikeghat village our route diverts crossing the suspension bridge over the Arun River, after the bridge the walk is more or less on the bank of the river for an hour and entering a small patch of sub-tropical forest and then reaching at Tunlingtar for the last overnight camp of this great memorable adventure journey and this will be your last night with the trekking staffs and porters as well.

Day 20: Fly back to Kathmandu. Meet & transfer to hotel.
This morning can be at leisure, depending upon the flight schedule, sometime the flight time can be delayed due to bad weather and other reason, the flight from Tumlingtar to Kathmandu which takes less than an hour, a panoramic view of the snow capped can be seen from the plane. On reaching at Kathmandu domestic terminal, our staff will receive and escort you back to the Hotel.

Day 21: Free day at leisure.
A free day in Kathmandu, please inform our staff if you would like to go on another short tour in and around Kathmandu Valley.

Day 22: Transfer to Airport for the International departure.
Today as per your international flight time, keep your air ticket, and your passport handy. Our Staff will take you to the airport for your final departure from this amazing country, Nepal.

Useful Information

AREA ( 2,330 SQ. KMS.)

LOCATION: The Park and Conservation Area are situated in the Sankhuwasabha and Solukhumbu Districts, bordered by the Arun River on the east, Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park on the west, the Nepal-China border on the north and Saune Danda (ridge) to the south.

FEATURES: This is the only protected area in Nepal with a strict nature reserve. The park has some of the richest and unique pockets of plants and animals, elsewhere lost to spreading human habitation.

Steeping up the slopes are a series of vegetation zones starting with tropical sal forests below 1,000 m elevation; subtropical Schima-Castanopsis forests at 1,000 - 2,000 m, fir/birch/rhododendron forests in the sub-alpine ( 3,000 - 4,000 m); and herbs, grasses and rhododendron/juniper shrubs in the alpine pastures ( 4,000 - 5,000 m). There are 47 varieties of orchids, 67 species of economically valuable medicinal and aromatic plants, 25 of Nepal's 30 varieties of rhododendron, 19 species of bamboo, 15 oaks including Arkhoulo, 86 species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose. Over 400 species of birds have been sighted in the Makalu-Barun area, including two species never before seen in Nepal, the spotted wren babbler and the olive ground warbler.

Wildlife includes the endangered red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard and possibly the snow leopard, in addition to more substantial populations of ghoral, Himalayan thar, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan marmot and weasel, common languor monkey and the serow.

The Arun River system contains 84 varieties of fish. Some 32,000 people inhabit the conservation area

Note: The above itinerary should be taken only as a guide line; it could change due to weather, availability of clean water and campsite, trail or any other unforeseen conditions.

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